The government has issued four Labour Codes in order to revamp the regulations governing the employer-employee relationship and reform labour laws. Wages, social security (pension, gratuity), labour welfare, health, safety, and working conditions are all addressed in the newly enacted Labour Codes (including that of women). There was an urgent need in the ever-changing globalised corporate world to regulate, formalise, and rationalise working conditions, including working hours and leave.
Employee working hours and leave (paid/privilege leave) are currently governed at the federal level by the Factories Act of 1948 and at the state level by the relevant Shops and Establishment Act. The government’s main priority is to streamline factory workers’ working hours and leave, as well as the service industry’s.